Yung Chin Master Bow Maker protecting the futureYung Chin
Master Bow Maker
New York City

Restoration - innovation
Conservationist - Dealer
Pernambuco conservation
Yung Chin
Protecting the future
Francois Xavier Tourte cello bow
Francois Xavier Tourte cello bow
Francois Xavier Tourte cello bow

The International Pernambuco Conservation Initiative USA

Yung Chin is one of the founders and is the current world wide chair of the International Pernambuco Conservation Initiative (IPCI), dedicated to help create a legal sustainable framework for pernambuco in Brazil. To date the IPCI has helped to plant over 250,000 pernambuco seedlings in Brazil.

Pernambuco wood for fine bows

Pernambuco grows in only one region of the world: Brazil's Atlantic rainforest.

Pernambuco Conservation

Pernambuco Conservation

The IPCI is working to ensure the future of stringed instrument music

Pernambuco has been used in the making of bows for over 250 years, enhancing the performance of stringed music for generations. The wood's native habitat in Brazil's Atlantic Rainforest has been reduced to fragments of its original extent. Today, pernambuco is increasingly rare and endangered in many areas of its native habitat.

Pernambuco and the art of bow making

The art of bow making for the violin family of instruments has evolved since the 16th century to meet the needs of musicians and the demands of new musical styles. The current form of the bow the "modern bow" was conceived during the last quarter of the 18th century. At around this same time, pernambuco, which had been imported to Europe from Brazil for 250 years for dye making, became the wood of choice for bow making. Pernambuco's unusual combination of density and flexibility allowed bow-makers to produce bows with extraordinary strength, resilience and balance.

Pernambuco tree

Pernambuco remains as important to the world of string instrument music today as it was when it was first identified as the best bow making wood. Its combination of sonic qualities, density, strength, suppleness, as well as its ability to bend with dry heat and retain shape when cool make it uniquely suitable for making violin, viola, cello and bass bows.

Kittel violin bow
Kittel violin bow
Jascha Heifetz Kittel violin bow
Jascha Heifetz Kittel violin bow
  • American Federation of Violin and Bow makers-past president.
  • International Association of Violin and Bow Makers-board member.
  • International Pernambuco Conservation Initiative- current International Chair.
  • The Bows of Nikolai Kittel
  • The German Bow
  • Journal of the Violin Society of America : 1994,1996,1997, 1998,1999, 2002,2004,2008,2012,2014, 2019
  • Smithsonian Magazine April 2004
  • Strad Magazine January 1988, December 2018
  • Strings Magazine- various articles
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Due to the current pandemic
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